- 15 min15 minutes
- Depends on ConsultDepends on Consult
- Location 1
Abdominal pain can be caused by many things. It is important to tell your doctor: • The location of the pain. • Does it come and go or is it present all the time • Are there things that start the pain (eating certain foods,exercise)? • Are there other symptoms associated with the pain (fever,nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)? CAUSES • Stomach: virus or bacteria infection, or ulcer. • Intestine: some of the causes are appendicitis (inflamed appendix), regional ileitis (Crohn's disease), ulcerative colitis , irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis • Gallbladder disease or stones in the gallbladder. • Kidney disease, kidney stones, or infection. • Pancreas inflammation, infection or cancer. • Fibromyalgia (pain disorder). • Diseases of the female organs: ○ Uterus: fibroid (non-cancerous) tumors or infection. ○ Fallopian tubes: infection or tubal pregnancy. ○ Ovary: cysts or tumors. ○ Pelvic adhesions (scar tissue). ○ Endometriosis (uterus lining tissue growing in the pelvis and on the pelvic organs). ○ Pelvic congestion syndrome (female organs filling up with blood just before the menstrual period). ○ Pain with the menstrual period. ○ Pain with ovulation (producing an egg). ○ Pain with an IUD (intrauterine device, birth control) in the uterus. ○ Cancer of the female organs. • Functional pain (pain not caused by a disease, may improve without treatment). • Psychological pain. • Depression. DIAGNOSIS Your doctor will decide the seriousness of your pain by doing a examination. • Blood tests. • X-rays. • Ultrasound. • CT scan • MRI • Cultures, for infection. • Upper GI Endoscopy (looking in stomach and beginning of small intestine with a lighted tube) • Colonoscopy (looking in large intestine with a lighted tube). TREATMENT The treatment will depend on the cause of the pain. • Many cases can be observed and treated at home. • Over-the-counter medicines recommended by your care giver. • Prescription medicine. • Antibiotics, for infection. • Birth control pills, for painful periods or for ovulation pain. • Hormone treatment, for endometriosis. • Nerve blocking injections. • Physical therapy, Antidepressants. • Counseling with a psychologist or psychiatrist. • Minor or major surgery. HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS • Do not take laxatives, unless directed by your caregiver. • Take over-the-counter pain medicine only if ordered by your caregiver. Do not take aspirin because it can cause an upset stomach or bleeding.