Colorectal Cancer Screening
- 30 min30 minutes
- Depends on ConsultDepends on Consult
- Location 1
Colorectal cancer screening is a group of tests used to check for colorectal cancer. Colorectal refers to your colon and rectum. Your colon and rectum are located at the end of your large intestine and carry your bowel movements out of your body. WHY IS COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING DONE? It is common for abnormal growths (polyps) to form in the lining of your colon, especially as you get older. These polyps can be cancerous or become cancerous. If colorectal cancer is found at an early stage, it is treatable. WHO SHOULD BE SCREENED FOR COLORECTAL CANCER? Screening is recommended for all adults at average risk starting at age 50. Tests may be recommended every 1 to 10 years. Your health care provider may recommend earlier or more frequent screening if you have: • A history of colorectal cancer or polyps. • A family member with a history of colorectal cancer or polyps. • Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn disease. • A type of hereditary colon cancer syndrome. • Colorectal cancer symptoms. TYPES OF SCREENING TESTS There are several types of colorectal screening tests. They include: • Guaiac-based fecal occult blood testing. • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT). • Stool DNA test. • Sigmoidoscopy. During this test, a sigmoidoscope is used to examine your rectum and lower colon. A sigmoidoscope is a flexible tube with a camera that is inserted through your anus into your rectum and lower colon. • Colonoscopy. During this test, a colonoscope is used to examine your entire colon. A colonoscope is a long, thin, flexible tube with a camera. This test examines your entire colon and rectum. This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.