- 15 min15 minutes
- Depends on ConsultDepends on Consult
- Location 1
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is bleeding somewhere along the path that food travels through the body (digestive tract). This path is anywhere between the mouth and the opening of the butt (anus). You may have blood in your poop (stool) or have black poop. If you throw up (vomit), there may be blood in it. This condition can be mild, serious, or even life-threatening. If you have a lot of bleeding, you may need to stay in the hospital. What are the causes? Irritation and swelling of the esophagus (esophagitis). Irritation of the stomach lining (gastritis). Sores (ulcers) in the stomach,duodenum Swollen veins in the butt (hemorrhoids). Areas of painful tearing in the opening of the butt (anal fissures). Pouches that form on the colon over time (diverticulosis). Irritation and swelling (diverticulitis) in areas where pouches have formed on the colon. Growths (polyps) or cancer. What increases the risk? Infection in your stomach (Helicobacter pylori infection). Certain medicines. Smoking & Drinking alcohol. What are the signs or symptoms? Throwing up (vomiting) material that has bright red blood in it. It may look like coffee grounds. Changes in your poop. The poop may: Have red blood in it,Be black, look like tar, and smell stronger than normal,Be red. Pain or cramping in the belly (abdomen). How is this treated? Treatment for this condition depends on the cause of the bleeding. For example: Sometimes, the bleeding can be stopped during a procedure that is done to find the problem (endoscopy or colonoscopy). Medicines can be used to: Help control irritation, swelling, or infection. Reduce acid in your stomach. If you lose a lot of blood, you may need a blood transfusion. If bleeding is mild, you may be allowed to go home. If there is a lot of bleeding, you will need to stay in the hospital. This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.