Upper GI Endoscopy
- 15 min15 minutes
- Depends on ConsultDepends on Consult
- Location 1
Upper endoscopy is a procedure to look inside the upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract. This procedure is also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or gastroscopy. In this procedure, your health care provider passes a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) through your mouth and down your esophagus into your stomach. A small camera is attached to the end of the tube. Images from the camera appear on a monitor in the exam room. During this procedure, your health care provider may also remove a small piece of tissue to be sent to a lab and examined under a microscope (biopsy). Your health care provider may do an upper endoscopy to diagnose cancers of the upper GI tract. You may also have this procedure to find the cause of other conditions, such as: Stomach pain. Heartburn. Pain or problems when swallowing. Nausea and vomiting. Stomach bleeding. Stomach ulcers. Tell a health care provider about: Any allergies you have. All medicines you are taking, including vitamins, herbs, eye drops, creams, and over-the-counter medicines. Any problems you or family members have had with anesthetic medicines. Any blood disorders you have. Any surgeries you have had. Any medical conditions you have. Whether you are pregnant or may be pregnant What happens before the procedure? Follow instructions from your health care provider about hydration, which may include: Up to 4 hours before the procedure – you may continue to drink clear liquids, such as water, clear fruit juice. 8 hours before the procedure – stop eating heavy meals or foods, such as meat, fried foods, or fatty foods. 6 hours before the procedure – stop eating light meals or foods, such as toast or cereal. 6 hours before the procedure – stop drinking milk or drinks that contain milk. General instructions Plan to have someone take you home from the hospital or clinic. Ask your health care provider what steps will be taken to help prevent infection. What happens during the procedure: A medicine to help you relax (sedative) or to numb the throat (local anesthetic) will be given. You will lie on your left side on an exam table. Your health care provider will pass the endoscope through your mouth and down your esophagus. Your health care provider will use the scope to check the inside of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Biopsies may be taken. The endoscope will be removed. You will be allowed to go home after observation for a brief period with treatment based on endoscopy result.